Minor`s Agreement under Indian Contract Act

When it comes to contracts, not all parties involved are capable of entering into a legally binding agreement. In India, the law recognizes that minors (individuals who have not yet reached the age of majority) lack the necessary capacity to enter into contracts. The Indian Contract Act of 1872 lays out the rules and regulations surrounding minor`s agreements.

What is a Minor`s Contract?

A minor`s contract refers to an agreement where one of the parties involved is below the age of majority. According to the Indian Contract Act, any individual below the age of 18 is considered a minor. When a minor enters into a contract, the law views it as a void agreement, meaning that it is unenforceable by law.

Why are Minor`s Agreements Voidable?

The rationale behind rendering minor`s agreements voidable is to protect the interests of minors. It is widely recognized that minors lack the necessary maturity and understanding to make informed decisions concerning their rights and obligations. In other words, minors are more susceptible to exploitation and abuse. As such, the law seeks to prevent them from entering into agreements that could have long-term detrimental effects on their well-being.

Exceptions to the Rule

There are a few exceptions to the general rule that minor`s agreements are voidable. For instance, if a minor enters into an agreement for necessities such as food, clothing, or shelter, such a contract is considered valid. This is because the law recognizes that a minor cannot survive without such basic needs and, as such, they cannot be denied access to them.

Additionally, if a minor enters into a contract with the permission of their legal guardian, such an agreement is also valid. If, for instance, a minor starts a business with the help of their parents or any other legal guardian, the contracts entered into by the minor will be viewed as valid, and such agreements will be enforceable by law.


It is crucial to understand the legal framework surrounding minor`s agreements in India. As a copy editor, it is your responsibility to ensure that any legal documents involving minors comply with the provisions of Indian Contract Act. It is important to note that any contracts entered into by minors are considered voidable, and it is up to the court`s discretion to decide whether the agreement is enforceable or not. Therefore, it is advisable to seek legal advice before entering into any agreements involving minors to avoid any legal complications that could arise in the future.

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