When feminine singular nouns that begin with an underlined -a or -ha need an article, the masculine singular articles el and un are used as pronunciation motifs. If the noun appears in a sentence, look for the adjectives or determinants that apply to that noun. You can recognize the gender of these adjectives or determinants, thus determining the gender of each noun. Masculine adjectives and determinants are used with masculine nouns, while feminine adjectives and determinants are used with female nouns. Sometimes only the article changes. For example, if the word for a person or profession ends in -e*, which is the only word ending in -ua that takes a male article. Nevertheless, it behaves like a feminine name. The adjectives that describe Agua are feminine. We say EL agua fríA (Cold Water). You may have already encountered this strange exception, where the masculine article el is used for a feminine word.
Follow this link if you want to know WHY the names have a genre in Spanish “Aquí hay llaves que no son mías”. (“There are keys here that don`t come from me.”) Mías” is a feminine adjective, so we know that “llave” is a feminine noun. All names have a gender (masculine, feminine or neuter). There are names that have an ambiguous gender (el mar, la mar), others may have both sexes, but will undergo a change of meaning between one and the other (el cura (meaning the priest) – cura (means healing)). Día (tag), Gorila (gorilla), mapa (map) and planeta (planet) are male names, among others. Want to know more? Check out our articles on specific uses of articles and indeterminate articles. For English speakers, it is difficult to determine when a name is feminine or masculine simply because names in English do not have a gender. You may be wondering why you need to know this.
And the answer is that it is important to know the gender of a noun before using it, because the gender of that noun determines the gender of the adjectives and determinants that are used with it. This is something you need to know to choose the right shape and the right adjective or determinant. Blanca is a feminine adjective, so we know that águila is a feminine noun. We have said that all words ending in -ìa are feminine. However, if you are referring to a person or profession, the following happens: if you write and do not remember the gender of a noun, you can try to determine it in the way suggested above to correctly use adjectives and determinants. However, most animals have a fixed name in Spanish with an arbitrary gender*, which we must learn, as is the case with most Spanish names. The first contains animal names in Spanish with two different forms to designate the male and the female. The name used to designate the animal regardless of sex is in bold. If we speak Spanish, we should do our best to use adjectives and determinants based on the gender of the noun to which they apply. However, if we don`t know the gender of the names we use, we shouldn`t feel insecure, and even if we do, it should never stop us from speaking Spanish. In most cases, the use of fake genres does not hinder understanding. And communication and practice are becoming more and more important.
Don`t forget to have fun if you speak Spanish! Remember that female nouns (which refer to animals or not) with an initial letter accented a- for pronunciation reasons respond to the masculine singular articles el and one. To convert a singular noun or adjective to the plural, consider the following 3 options: The gender of a noun can be known under the following conditions: The second list contains animal nouns with a single form, male or female. (For the English translation, I only included the general name, that is, the word that describes the animal regardless of sex.) The endings of Spanish names can often indicate the gender of the name. Some extremities are usually male, while others are usually female – with a few exceptions. We tend to use the masculine noun to refer to the animal without distinction of gender: Here are two articles that help shed light on the subject: For some nouns whose adjectives and determinants can be both masculine and feminine, we must use other methods to determine sex – unless there are other adjectives and/or determinants that can reveal gender difference. Dinamo (dynamo), libido (libido), mano (hand) and polio (polio) are among others female names. Although there are also exceptions to this model (e.B. cama [lit], crema [cream], are female names.) There are names that do not change gender (the serpiente hembra o macho, which means the female or male snake) and the names where the article makes the difference of gender (the jóven or el jóven). Determinants and adjectives must correspond to the sex of the noun and not to the sex of the animal.
However, macho and hembra are nouns, and they do not need to match the animal noun in gender or number: for example, águila [eagle] accepts the masculine article if it is singular, but any modifying adjective must continue to correspond to the female inflection of the noun: it is only for some animals that we use a masculine noun to designate the male, and a female name for the woman. Adjectives and determinants may appear before or after the noun they modify: “Encontré peines en la casa, pero estaban sucios”. (“I found combs in the house, but they were dirty.”) Sucios” is a masculine adjective, so we know that “pain” is a masculine noun. So you will need to determine if this friend is a man or a woman to determine which item to use. Even if we can not use the above methods, we can still guess the gender of the name. There are four specific articles in Spanish, and they often all translate into the same little word in English: the. There are also cases where they do not have a direct translation into English, but help to indicate the gender and number of a name. The possessive form of a name like “The House of Nancy..” does not exist in Spanish, so the way to express the possessive is: If you were referring to a male friend, which article would you use EL or LA? Here are the four forms that specific Spanish articles take. Since gender is an integral part of learning Spanish, as an English speaker, it is best to acquire each new word with its particular article. .